conditional in English

Conditional in English: how to use them correctly.

Ow, the conditional ones in English. The times are not few that we have seen use them of very bad form. That if mixing the 1er conditional of the English with the second, that if using the 3er conditional of the English for cases in which there would be to employ conditional type 0€¦ With reason he is one of the most frequent errors between us the speakers of Spanish.

And if right now litters reading this article we will suppose it will be because you need to give a good review them. We go then with them 😉

The conditional ones are used in all the languages to venture what can happen (in present and future), which could have happened (in happened), and what we wanted that took place (in future). In the Anglo-Saxon language all the conditional ones contain the particle €œIf€ (€œIf€ in Castilian).  Whereas to form conditional negatives it is used €œUnless€ (which means just like €œIf + not€).

The main problem is in which, whereas we in Spanish resorted to a single verbal time to form these conditional ones, the English-speakers make use to enough more.

And the worse thing of everything is than the €œIf clauses€ are used much more in English than you can imagine. And it is that rare it is the conversation in which at least one of them is not used. There are four different types; and next we are going to analyze point by point all of them with its corresponding examples 🙂

1º of the conditional ones in English: €œType 0. The Zero Conditional€

zero conditional. type 0

No, we do not know because first from the conditional ones in English it receives the name of €œConditional type zero€. But we know why and how it is used.

€œThe Zero Conditional€ is used to enunciate universal truths. Those in which the condition and the result are always certain. A great example of it is the scientific facts, but not the only one:

  • If you heat to water to 100 °C, it boils.

€“ If you warm up water to 100

°C boils.

He is perhaps conditional the simplest one to use, because its structure is the following one:

  • If + present simple, _present simple. PS: if in conditional type zero you invest the order of the phrases, it does not change for anything the meaning. Following with the previous example:


Water boils if you heat it to 100

first conditional. type I


  • €“ The water boils if you warm up it to 100 °C.

2º of the conditional ones in English: €œType I. First Conditional€

  • The €œFirst Conditional€ of the English you have to use it when talking about to the present or future when the situation is real. That is to say, for when something it is very probable that she happens, but than you are not safe to the 100% (as for example that, if you do not study, is very probable that your professor compensates to you with a tuna 0):

If this thing happens, that thing will happen.

€“ If this happens, that subject will happen.


Or making use of an example more of the day to day:

  • If it doesn't rain, we will go to the beach.  €“ If it does not rain, we will go to the beach (good, and if it does not stop raining either it passes nothing; that with the desire that the summer are of which it arrives is not necessary to put itself so exquisite). Since you can guess thanks to the previous examples, the €œFirst Conditional€ forms by means of the following structure:


Simple If + present, _will + infinitive.

second conditional. type II

PS: instead of the verb €œWill' some modal verbs can be used to indicate probability or of expressing an opinion, as €œMay€, €œShould€ or €œDog€. Following with the second of the mentioned examples:

If it doesn't rain, we should go to the beach.

  • €“ If it does not rain, we would have to go to the beach.

3º of the conditional ones in English: €œType 2. Second Conditional€

  • The €œSecond Conditional€ of the English is used in two cases. And it is very important that to memorise both.

In the first place you will have to make use of him when you speak of future situations in which it is not probable that something happens. That is to say, what they come being our yearnings, dreams, desires and other synonymous ones:

If I won the lottery, I would travel to Mars. €“ If it gained the lottery, it would travel to Mars (nor it is probable that you gain the lottery, nor that before we give with our bones in the cemetery we can travel to Mars€¦).

Secondly, also you will have to use it when you want to express unreal situations at the present moment. Usually one occurs in those cases in which we expressed our point of view on which it has happened, repentances and to give advice. As for example with the so rotten one:

If I were you, I would quit my job. €“ If I were you, she would leave my work (after all, you never can be another person). 

third conditional. Type III

Nevertheless, in both cases the same structure is used; that he is the following one:

  • Simple If + past, _would + infinitive PS: again, and as with the €œFirst Conditional€, you can interchange €œWould€ by other modal verbs to change to the meaning and the possibility.

4º of the conditional ones in English: €œType 3. Third Conditional€

The €œThird Conditional€ takes the opposite to the rest of its brothers. Why? Basically because it is used when we spoke of a situation of the past that has not gotten to happen. Usually one occurs in those cases in which you speak of hypothetical situations that evidently no longer can be changed:


If I had known then what I know now, I would have donates things differently

€“ If it had known then what I know now, it would have made the things differently.

Since you can deduce is used enough facing repentances. And it is that many will lament this summer of the enormous amounts of candies that ate in Easter€¦ If that one is your case (the destinies do not want it) you will have to use the following structure: